Key Considerations as You Start Your Cover Crop Journey

A tractor in the middle of a large green field.

A successful crop year begins in the soil. Changing practices on the farm is never easy, and before you set forth on your cover crop journey, there are some key considerations to ensure your approach to cover crop implementation is set up for success.

Maintaining vegetative cover whenever possible supports soil health and prevents soil movement, providing many of those positive environmental benefits you may seek. Planting cover crops offers improvements in soil erosion and water quality. Cover crop management can allow you to adapt to your seasonal weather conditions, aid in crop protection, and increase soil health.

In addition to soil health benefits, cover crops can be a key management strategy to leverage the new opportunities available through emerging sustainability marketplaces.

Let’s Get Started

Every farm is different, so before diving right into planting cover crops, you may want to consider the following:

  • Farm Management Strategy — Do you have a farm management challenge that can be solved with cover crops? For example, do you have issues with compaction? Cover crops can help reduce compaction by getting air and water deeper into the soil through their roots. What about weed pressure? Cover crops can reduce weed pressure by acting as mulch that suppresses weeds and disrupts conditions for weed seed germination.
  • Start Small — Like any new practice, there is a learning curve. Increase the scale of your cover crop practice as you get more comfortable. To start, pick a field that is easy to monitor or an area that needs improvement and focus your cover crop planting there.
  • Make Informed Decisions — Conduct research and talk with reliable sources before introducing cover crops into your farm management plan. Field days are a great opportunity to speak with a variety of experts in the field or talk to other farmers using cover crops. Great resources also include universities, agronomists and online forums. Keep in mind the location and cropping system of the information source. Lastly, you can make a plan for cover crop species selection, seeding rates, time of seeding and termination. To learn more about these topics, review the soy checkoff’s Take Action fact sheets.
  • Expenses — Consider additional expenses, including seed selection and labor.
  • Timing — Be timely with planting and scout early and often.
  • Results — You may not see immediate results from planting cover crops because they are primarily planted for long-term benefits to the soil. There will likely be challenges and opportunities to try different methods to figure out what will benefit the farm most in the long term.

What’s the Incentive?

Planting cover crops is a cost-effective tool to increase on-farm sustainability and build upon soil resiliency for increased crop production.

As more consumers base purchasing decisions on a product’s sustainability, buyers across supply chains are increasingly sourcing sustainable ingredients that meet consumer preferences. Cover crops are just one example of how you can demonstrate commitment to continuous improvement.

Farmers for Soil Health is a new partnership between the largest commodity organizations — the soy checkoff, Pork Checkoff and National Corn Growers Association — to create a farmer-led initiative that advances the use of soil health practices, meets sustainability goals and improves farmer profitability. Today, cover crops are only used on about 6% of U.S. cropland. The goal of Farmers for Soil Health is to improve soil health by encouraging farmers to expand their adoption of cover crops to 30 million acres by 2030.

Farmers for Soil Health will support state commodity groups as they provide technical assistance to farmers as they plant and maintain cover crops. Farmers for Soil Health will also establish a new financial assistance program to incentivize cover crop adoption on over 1.3 million acres of crop fields in corn and soybean production in 20 states. Lastly, the initiative will create a public marketplace platform to connect farmers to buyers of climate-smart commodities and opportunities for premiums and incentives.

To learn more about the Farmers for Soil Health cover crop initiative, visit

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